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Techniques

  • Stance - sogi

    • Walking stance - gunnun sogi
      One leg is forward with the knee bent; the other leg is back and straight. The shoulders and both feet face directly forward.

    • L-stance - niun sogi
      The shoulders face 90 degrees to the side, while the head faces directly forward. Both knees are bent; the front foot points directly forward, while the back foot points to the side.

    • Sitting stance - annun sogi
      Also known as horse stance. The shoulders face directly forward, with the body vertical (not leaning forward); the feet point directly forward, separated by two shoulder widths and with the knees bent.

    • X-stance - kyocha sogi

    • Closed stance - moa sogi
      The feet are together and the legs are straight; the shoulders face directly forward.

    • Ready stance - junbi sogi

    • Parallel ready stance - narani junbi sogi

    • Fighting stance
      This is a case of the L-stance. The front arm is bent, with the fist facing outward at about chin level; the elbow protects the ribs. The back arm is also bent, with the fist facing upward in front of the abdomen.

  • Kick - chagi

    • Front kick - ap chagi
      Executed from a walking stance. The kicking leg is brought up and bends at the knee, then is straightened with a snap. Contact is made with the ball of the foot, with the toes bent upward.

    • Side kick - yop chagi
      Executed from an L-stance. The rear leg is brought up and bends at the knee while the body is turned on the other leg. As the body completes a 180 degree turn, then kicking leg is pushed forward with a snap. Contact is made with the heel and outside edge of the foot (not the sole or instep).

    • Roundhouse kick - dollyo chagi
      Executed from an L-stance. Similar to a side kick, except that as the body completes the 180-degree turn, the leg is snapped around in the same direction, striking the target from the side instead of from the front. Contact is made with the ball of the foot, with the toes bent upward.

    • Back kick - dwi chagi
      Executed from a walking stance.

    • Bubble kick - pandal chagi
      Also called a crescent kick, "bob" kick, half-moon kick. Executed from a walking stance.

  • Punch - jirugi

    • High punch - nopunde jirugi

    • Midsection punch - kaunde jirugi

    • Low punch - najunde jirugi

  • Strike - taerigi

    • Knife-hand strike - sonkal taerigi

    • Elbow strike - palkup taerigi

    • Backfist - joomuk taerigi

  • Thrust - tulgi

    • Finger thrust - sonkut tulgi

  • Block - makgi

    • Head block (rising block) - chookyo makgi
      Arms are crossed in front of the chest, with fists facing inward; the blocking arm is closest to the body. The blocking arm moves up while the fist rotates to face outward; simultaneously, the other arm moves downward, the elbow moving straight back and the fist ending up at the side at belt level, facing up.

    • Down block - najunde palmok makgi

    • Inside forearm block - an palmok yop makgi

    • Outside forearm block - pakkat palmok yop makgi

    • Double forearm block - sang palmok makgi

    • Double knife-hand block - sonkal daebi makgi

    • Spreading block - hechyo makgi

    • Swing block - dollimyo makgi



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